Twenty years of US policy have led to this fateful American-Russian confrontation. Putin may have contributed to it, but his role has been almost entirely reactive.
Gaza, the world's largest open-air prison, has 1.7 million virtually defenceless people living under permanent Israeli siege and now being bombed by one of the world's most powerful militaries.
2139 killed, 490 of them children, 11,000 wounded, 20,000 homes destroyed, 500,000 people displaced. And Israel had a parting gift on the day it agreed a ceasefire.